#napoli #abbondanza #ercolano #portadinocera #portadistabia #domicella #lupanare #palaestra #79AD
Pompei, 240 kilometers south of Rome and home to the most renowned volcanic eruption in the world; Volcano Vesuvius in 79 AD with 10,000 - 20,000 inhabitants at the time of its eruption a torrent of lava raced down the slopes of Mount Vesuvio smothering Pompei to death expelling the skies from blue to dark violet. Today, Vesuvio is still an active volcano as it humbly sits on top of a layer of magma deep in the earth measuring approximately 257 square kilometers.
Pompei, Napoli, Italy
Attraversiamo: Pompei Scavi is the closest suburban train station to Pompei with the ruins directly across the road from the station it is the most desirable and convenient way to get to the ancient ruins no matter where in Italia you are.
At the station one should note that railway platform 1 serves all trains direct to Sorrento - the last pearl on the Amalfi coast, meanwhile railway platform 2 will take you back to Napoli Centrale.
If you are heading from Stazione Circumvesuviana Napoli Centrale you can board your train to Pompei on the lower level of the station which will also take you straight to Pompei including Ercolano as well which is a highly recommended site to add to your itinerary during your journey to Pompei.
The entrance to the Ancient city of Pompei is a phenomenal experience. You begin an exchange of peculiar interactions with the ancient city one which can't be described with a string of words. From a narrative stand point you are transacting yourself from the luminous streets and alleys of Napoli into the dark up wind of Herculaneum's cry.
No matter where you go one thing for certain is that the infamous volcano Vesuvio is there to remind you that it is exactly there and it is overdue for an explosion.
Contrary to the large amphitheatre there is a large quadrangle surrounded by 74 medieval columns also known as 'the columns of Nocera' and was once used as a foyer hence 'Quadriportico Dei Teatri'. In essence, it was an area where the spectators could visit during the intervals of the theatre shows to induce a more social presence to and at the time of use.
However, though, it should be pointed out that after the earthquake of 62 AD the site changed its functions significantly; it became a set of barracks for gladiators 'Quadriportico Gladiatori' which of course then resulted in certain parts of the site being reorganised thereafter. The rooms were also reorganised and the most important of those were those of the eastern part of the quadrangle, whereas the rooms on other levels such as top upper floors were the apartments of the undertakers of the gladiators.
Teatro Grande is an open-air amphitheater where Greek-Roman plays were performed. Odeon was used for poetry and musical performances which required a smaller covered space for the best acoustics.
Essentially, to put the above into perspective and for an even more unforgettable experience stand in the middle of Odeon's stage and speak in a normal tone of voice where you then begin to literally hear your voice but amplified twice or three times louder as if you are speaking into a microphone.
The House of the Faun, built during the 2nd century BC, was one of the largest and most impressive private residences in Pompeii, Italy, and housed many great pieces of art. It is one of the most luxurious aristocratic houses from the Roman republic, and reflects this period better than most archaeological evidence found even in Rome itself.
The Praedia di Giulia Felice is a large settlement dating from the 1st century BC and was one of the first homes unearthed during Pompei's excavations. The name Giulia Felice was taken from an inscription painted on the facade after the earthquake of 62 AD and the lavish decorations in the residential and thermal areas are particularly beautiful.
Well, many thousand years ago the houses, apartments, and workplaces of all of Pompei’s social classes fronted onto this bustling straight including grand public buildings. Thus, there is possibly no other single street that better depicts the diverse lives of the people who lived in this ancient city.
Excavated around 1838, the house of Vesbinus is 454 square meters with 17 rooms and quite a fascinating story to say the very least, known as 'The house of the Wild Boar' one comes to a complete surprise unexpectedly immediately upon their passing by the beautifully preserved fauces of this ancient property exposing the marble and stone composition to the atrium.
It was a residential property on Via dell'Abbondanza with visual elements exposed to the public, he and she would not have been mistaken in depicting wealth reinforcing to a Pompeian that the owner of the house was an upper class Pompeian involved in the commercial business economy.
The house was significantly refurbished after the earthquake of 62 AD and the walls still retain the colourful frescoes although parts throughout the interior received extensive damage during the eruption. Even without being able to enter the property the view of the mosaic is fabulous.
Lupanare is one of the most unique and interesting sites of the ruins of Pompei. Primarily, it was the ancient city's first and only brothel and it was situated on two levels with five rooms on the ground floor and five rooms upstairs. Each room had a bed built from stone and concrete that was later fitted out with a mat and a cushion. Above the door of each room was an erotic illustration which insinuated the specialisation of the prostitute that worked in that room.
The Forum (Forum Holitorium) was first excavated in 1816 and completed in 1822 it stretches with eight large openings separated by brick pillars being used as the fruit and vegetable market for generations. Today however, the Forum is known to be the greatest inventory of this ancient city containing over 10,000 artefacts from the excavations in Pompei.
They preserve the terracotta crockery that was used in the last decades of life of the city for every day activities, such as pots and pans for cooking, jugs and bottles, and amphorae, large containers used to transport oil, wine and fish sauce throughout the Mediterranean.
The exhibited items also include marble tables, baths for fountains that adorned the entrances of houses, and sadly, the plaster citizens of the Ancient city, the victims of the eruption as well as that of a pregnant woman, a new born baby and a dog; the last moments of some of the ill-fated Pompeians dying a severe, painful death burnt alive and frozen forever.. in plaster.
The construction date of the forum is still unknown, however, it is known that it had commenced sometime after the earthquake of 62 AD, but it was not completed even by the time of the eruption in 79 AD.
Copyright © 2020 Culture, Art and Society - All Rights Reserved.
cultureartandsociety.com - moekalem.com